In order to achieve sustainable progress towards development goals in Africa, it is necessary to carefully analyze environmental changes as well as the long-term impact of human activities. The GMES program provides an ideal framework for carrying out this type of analysis in a systematic way.

GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), an initiative of the European Union and the European Space Agency (ESA), is developed to provide reliable and timely services on issues in a sustainable manner. environmental and safety, to meet the needs of users and public authorities.

A draft action plan to help Africa harness the benefits of space systems for sustainable development was outlined, and stakeholders were consulted through a public consultation. The plan focuses on applications in the following key areas:

  • Natural disasters: reduction of risks related to floods, fires, cyclones, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, earthquakes, etc .;
  • Food security and rural development: crop and pasture monitoring, vulnerability assessment, grasshoppers, water;
  • Long-term management of natural resources: forest resources, biodiversity, soil resources, extent of land use, management of protected areas;
  • Water resources management: integrated basin management, groundwater, water scarcity;
  • Consequences of climatic variability and climate change: desertification, droughts, water scarcity, health;
  • Marine and coastal areas: fishing areas, integrated management of coastal areas, transport, etc .;
  • Conflicts and political crises: contested territory, precarious agreements, resources in conflicts, anti-personnel mines;
  • Territorial and infrastructure development: spatial planning, urban expansion, road and hydraulic infrastructure, ecological footprint.

Several consortia have been set up to allow all organizations to work together and share data. For example, ABV is part of the West Africa Multiscale Flood Monitoring and Assessment Services (MiFMASS) consortium with lead the CSSTE.

Objective: Develop a flood monitoring and forecasting system for ECOWAS countries

Project duration: 36 months

Main objective

Improve the effectiveness of flood monitoring, assessment and management in West Africa by providing real-time Earth observation services to disaster management agencies and by strengthening their human capacity to respond. adapt to these services.

Study areas in West Africa

Nigeria: Ogun-Osun River Basin

Benin: Ouémé basin

Ghana & Burkina Faso: Black Volta Basin

Ivory Coast: District of Abidjan

Target groups / beneficiaries

Local communities and vulnerable populations (farmers, traders, fishermen) who are constantly affected by floods.

Disaster Management Organizations (DMOs)

Meteorological organizations

Hydrological organisms

Mapping agencies

Value to add

Establish and update flood database

Continually provide information before, during and after floods to disaster management agencies

Strengthen the capacity of disaster management organizations and other target groups in the use of Earth Observation data for flood monitoring, assessment and management.

Products and services – MiFMASS

Updated regional flood database

Digital maps (flood risk maps, etc.)

Damage assessment cards

Capacity building

Public awareness and enlightenment

Expected results

Develop and regularly update the flood database for the five (5) ECOWAS countries for a fully functional flood forecasting system.

Improve the knowledge of target groups to use Earth Observation data for flood monitoring, assessment and management.

Members of the CSSTE Consortium

Space Science and Technology Training Center (CSSTE), Nigeria

University of Ghana (Department of Earth Sciences, UG), Ghana

CSIR-Water Research Institute (CSIR-WRI), Ghana

National Water Institute (INE), Benin

Higher Institute of Space and Telecommunications Studies (ISESTEL) Burkina Faso

Volta Basin Authority (ABV), Burkina Faso

University Center for Research and Application in Remote Sensing (CURAT), Félix Houphouet-Boigny University, Ivory Coast.


CSSTE-GMES Newsletter-Dec2020